Program
Middle School

Grade 8

List of 10 items.

  • English

    TEXTS:
    Animal Farm by George Orwell; Secret Life of Bees by Sue Monk Kidd; Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare; A Tree Grows in Brooklyn by Betty Smith; The Joy Luck Club by Amy Tan; poetry; essays

    POSSIBLE BOOK CLUB SELECTIONS:
    Inherit the Wind by Jerome Lawrence and Robert E. Lee; Lord of the Flies by William Golding; The Book Thief by Markus Zusak
     
    GRAMMAR REFERENCES:
    English Workshop: Fourth Course published by Holt, Rinehart and Winston;
    A Pocket Style Manual: Fourth Edition by Diana Hacker (editor Bedford/St. Martin’s); Elements of Language Second Course Workbook and Textbook published by Holt, Rinehart and Winston

    VOCABULARY PROGRAM:
    Membean
     
    READING SKILLS:
    • Independently read and comprehend a range of literature including novels, plays, short stories, essays, and poems
    • Analyze development of themes/motifs within text
    • Analyze characters and their development throughout a text
    • Make inferences from texts
    • Identify and analyze symbols within a text
    • Evaluate how the meaning of a symbol changes over the course of the text
    • Examine author’s choices (e.g., language, character, theme) given background information on the author
    • Cite evidence from text that supports analysis of text
    • Determine meanings of words
    • Examine word choice and its significance
    • Identify and analyze use of literary devices
    • Compare and contrast texts to other texts
    • Analyze point of view 
    • Compare/contrast a text to its movie or live production
    • Evaluate decisions made by director/actor
    • Build and develop vocabulary
    LEARNING GOALS FOR WRITING:
     
    FORMS OF WRITING:
    Analytical/critical response to literature; Journal Entries; Multi-Paragraph Essays; Personal Essays; Poems; Timed in-class writing assignments; Thesis Essays; Vocabulary Stories
    • Use the writing process: brainstorm, plan, write, revise, edit, publish
    • Establish a sophisticated, thematic thesis statement
    • Use details to support topic sentences
    • Organize writing pieces clearly and logically
    • Use transition words appropriately
    • Use appropriate word choice
    • Write for a variety of audiences and from different points of view
    • Vary sentence structure
    • Reflect on written work and set writing goals
    • Give and receive peer feedback
    • Develop voice in writing
    • Write in a variety of time frames (e.g., one class period, multiple class periods)
    • Proofread for appropriate spelling, mechanics, and grammar
       
    LEARNING GOALS FOR LISTENING AND SPEAKING:
    • Engage in a variety of discussions including small-group, large-group, one-on-one, and teacher-led
    • Generate questions based on discussion
    • Listen actively and build upon peer contributions
    • Deliver oral presentation based on selected texts
    • Develop spoken word skills when reading poetry aloud 
  • Health and Wellness

    BODY HEALTH
    • Understand many aspects of human sexuality and development
    • Understand how drugs and alcohol can alter body and brain
    • Understand and communicate the importance of nutrition and sleep
    • Examine and assess the role of media on body image

    SOCIAL HEALTH
    • Understand and build a healthy online identity
    • Apply skills to foster healthy relationships with girls and boys
    • Refine conflict resolution skills
    • Advocate for diversity of experiences

    EMOTIONAL HEALTH
    • Identify and manage stress through healthy choices
    • Identify appropriate support services
    • Seek and accept support when needed
    • Communicate wants and needs surrounding topics in all three health strands
  • Library and Information Literacy

    CORE RESOURCES:
    Standards for the 21st century Learner AASL
    Adaptation of California School Library Recommended Library Skills

    • Build research plans to gather and manage information
    • Build competency in accessing, processing, and evaluating information
    • Use linked resource pathfinders (Libguides)
    • Create and execute effective presentations of research
  • Mathematics

    COURSES OFFERED:
    Algebra I, Geometry

    LEARNING GOALS FOR ALGEBRA I:

    TEXT:
    Martin Gay Algebra I, Pearson, 2013

    KEY SUPPLEMENTAL TOOLS:
    IXL.com, desmos.com (also available as an iPad app), Geogebra

    TOPICS:
    Equations
    Polynomials
    Quadratics Graphing/Functions Inequalities
    Algebraic rational expressions

    LINEAR AND QUADRATIC EQUATIONS
    • Review and extend simplifying and evaluating algebraic expressions using order of operations and rules of exponents
    • Review rate, ratio, proportion, and percent
    • Solve complex linear equations
    • Solve systems of linear equations and inequalities
    • Learn factoring of 2nd (and possibly simple 3rd) degree polynomials
    • Solve quadratic equations by factoring, completing the square, and using the quadratic formula
    • Apply skills and concepts learned in each unit to write equations for, and solve, a wide variety of word problems
       
    FUNCTIONS AND POLYNOMIALS
    • Study basic function notation, concepts, and related terminology
    • Perform all four operations with polynomials
       
    GRAPHING
    • Graph and explore properties of linear equations using patterns, coordinate plotting, slope, and x- and y-intercepts
    • Graph and explore properties of quadratic equations using patterns, coordinate plotting, finding critical points, and using parent graphs
    • Explore graph transformations of various functions and higher-order polynomials through the use of parent graphs 
    RATIONAL EXPRESSIONS AND EQUATIONS
    • Work with rational algebraic expressions and solve rational algebraic equations
    RADICAL EXPRESSIONS AND EQUATIONS
    • Work with radical algebraic expressions and solve radical algebraic equations

    ADDITIONAL LEARNING GOALS FOR ALGEBRA I:
    • Derive quadratic formula through completing the square
    • Explore the discriminant and its relationship to quadratic functions
    • Explore the graphs of additional functions such as basic trigonometric functions
    • Strategize alternative and efficient problem-solving strategies for linear and quadratic equations
    • Begin to understand the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra
    • Begin to understand binomial expansion
    LEARNING GOALS FOR GEOMETRY:

    TEXT: 
    Charles, Randall, et al. Geometry (Common Core). Boston: Pearson, 2012. iBook file.

    REASONING AND PROOF
    • Examine rules of inductive and deductive logic
    • Construct proofs of geometric theorems and corollaries
    • Apply various methods of proof including both direct and indirect as well as utilizing algebraic and geometric knowledge (i.e., coordinate proofs)
       
    LINES AND ANGLES
    • Identify relationships among parallel and perpendicular lines, especially regarding transversals and angles

    CONGRUENCE AND SIMILARITY
    • Use geometric postulates and theorems to prove congruence between triangles and understand the relationships between corresponding parts
    • Use ratios and proportions to determine similarity between figures
    • Find and classify compositions of isometries
    • Identify types of transformations and determine congruence and similarity transformations
    • Use properties of congruent and similar solids to compare surface area and volume of 3-dimensional objects
       
    TRIANGLES, POLYGONS, AND CIRCLES
    • Examine properties of triangles including inequality theorems
    • Apply basic trigonometric ratios to right triangles and include use of the Pythagorean Theorem, special right triangles, the Law of Sines, and the Law of Cosines
    • Examine properties of quadrilaterals
    • Compute interior and exterior angle sums of various polygons
    • Identify components of circles as well as examine properties of and theorems about circles
       
    GEOMETRIC MEASUREMENT
    • Find perimeter/circumference and area of polygons and circles and compute geometric probability
    • Calculate arc lengths and sector areas of circles
    • Derive formulas for surface area of prisms, cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres 
    • Derive formulas for volume of prisms, cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres 
       
  • Performing Arts

    Choose from a variety of electives.

    POSSIBLE  OPTIONS:
    • Dance
    • Fall Play
    • Grade 8 Musical (performing role)
  • Physical Education

    LEARNING GOALS FOR PHYSICAL EDUCATION:
    • Demonstrate  sportsmanship
    • Develop skills for climbing wall (e.g., bouldering, belaying, knot work, hand placement, footwork, route reading, and route setting)
    • Strengthen body awareness
    • Extend skills for dance (hip hop, modern dance, West African)
    • Expand dance vocabulary including qualities of movement, rhythmic patterns, and directions in space
    • Learn (or choreograph) and perform short dances
    • Connect dance curriculum to science and English curriculum
    • Develop skills for individual and team sports
    • Develop strategic thinking in sports
    • Engage in fitness activities
    • Participate in cooperative games
    • Engage in team building activities and challenges
    • Understand importance of fitness
    • Understand importance of short term and long term benefits of a healthy and active lifestyle
  • Science and Engineering/Computer Science

    TEXTS (published by Prentice Hall):
    Science Explorer Electricity and Magnestism
    Science Explorer Cells and Heredity
    Science Explorer Chemical Building Blocks

    THEME: Elements of Engineering

    UNITS:
    Electricity
    Introduction to Chemistry
    Introduction to Physics

    LEARNING GOALS FOR SCIENCE:
    • Formulate research questions
    • Write scientifically
    • Use scientific vocabulary
    • Gather, read, interpret, and analyze data
    • Recall and apply content specific information
    • Practice applying learned information to novel situations
    • Use Scientific Method fluidly
    • Practice Engineering Design Process
    -    Identify problem, brainstorm, design, build, test, evaluate, redesign, share solution
    • Cite sources
    • Practice online research skills
    • Use and apply technology skills
    • Learn and practice lab equipment skills

    TECHNOLOGY

    EQUIPMENT TYPICALLY USED:
    Cameras; document cameras; iPods®; laptops; microphones; projectors; video cameras

    APPLICATIONS TYPICALLY USED:
    E-mail applications; Google™ Apps; iLife® Suite; image editing software; Internet browsers; Microsoft® Office Suite; page layout software; photo editing software; video editing software

    PROGRAMMING

    CORE RESOURCES: Python (Club), Python Software Foundation

    LEARNING GOALS
    • Object-oriented programming:
    -    The if, for, while, try, class, def, pass, assert, yield, & import statements
    -    Execute code
    -    Create functions
    -    Create variables and values

    MATHEMATICS

    COURSES OFFERED: Algebra I, Algebra I Accelerated, Algebra I Honors, Geometry Honors

    TEXT: Algebra: Structure and Method Book 1, Brown, Dolciani, Sogenfrey, Cole: McDougal Littell Publishing Company, Evanston, Illinois; 2000

    Charles, Randall, et al. Geometry (Common Core). Boston: Pearson, 2012. iBook file.

    KEY SUPPLEMENTAL TOOLS: IXL.COM, desmos.com (also available as an iPad app), Geogebra

    TOPICS:
    Equations
    Polynomials
    Quadratics
    Graphing/Functions
    Inequalities
    Algebraic rational expressions

    LEARNING GOALS FOR ALGEBRA I:

    LINEAR AND QUADRATIC EQUATIONS
    • Review and extend simplifying and evaluating algebraic expressions using order of operations and rules of exponents
    • Review rate, ratio, proportion, and percent
    • Solve complex linear equations
    • Solve systems of linear equations and inequalities
    • Learn factoring of 2nd (and possibly simple 3rd) degree polynomials
    • Solve quadratic equations by factoring, completing the square, and using the quadratic formula
    • Apply skills and concepts learned in each unit to write equations for, and solve, a wide variety of word problems.
    FUNCTIONS AND POLYNOMIALS
    • Study basic function notation, concepts, and related terminology
    • Perform all four operations with polynomials
    GRAPHING
    • Graph and explore properties of linear equations using patterns, coordinate plotting, slope, and x- and y-intercepts
    • Graph and explore properties of quadratic equations using patterns, coordinate plotting, finding critical points, and using parent graphs
    • Explore graph transformations of various functions and higher-order polynomials through the use of parent graphs
    RADICAL EXPRESSIONS AND EQUATIONS
    • Work with radical algebraic expressions and solve radical algebraic equations

    ADDITIONAL LEARNING GOALS FOR HONORS ALGEBRA I:
    • Derive quadratic formula through completing the square
    • Explore the discriminant and its relationship to quadratic functions
    • Explore the graphs of additional functions such as basic trigonometric functions
    • Strategize alternative and efficient problem-solving strategies for linear and quadratic equations
    • Begin to understand the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra
    • Begin to understand binomial expansion
    GEOMETRY HONORS COURSE

    TEXT: Charles, Randall, et al. Geometry (Common Core). Boston: Pearson, 2012. iBook file.

    KEY SUPPLEMENTAL TOOLS: IXL.com, Geogebra

    LEARNING GOALS FOR GEOMETRY:

    REASONING AND PROOF
    • Examine rules of inductive and deductive logic
    • Construct proofs of geometric theorems and corollaries
    • Apply various methods of proof including both direct and indirect as well as utilizing algebraic and geometric knowledge (i.e., coordinate proofs)

    LINES AND ANGLES
    • Identify relationships among parallel and perpendicular lines, especially regarding transversals and angles                                                          

    CONGRUENCE AND SIMILARITY
    • Use geometric postulates and theorems to prove congruence between triangles and understand the relationships between corresponding parts
    • Use ratios and proportions to determine similarity between figures
    • Find and classify compositions of isometries
    • Identify types of transformations and determine congruence and similarity transformations
    • Use properties of congruent and similar solids to compare surface area and volume of 3-dimensional objects
    TRIANGLES, POLYGONS, AND CIRCLES
    • Examine properties of triangles including inequality theorems     
    • Apply basic trigonometric ratios to right triangles and include use of the Pythagorean Theorem, special right triangles, the Law of Sines, and the Law of Cosines   
    • Examine properties of quadrilaterals                                                   
    • Compute interior and exterior angle sums of various polygons
    • Identify components of circles as well as examine properties of and theorems about circles
    GEOMETRIC MEASUREMENT
    • Find perimeter/circumference and area of polygons and circles and compute geometric probability
    • Calculate arc lengths and sector areas of circles
    • Derive formulas for surface area of prisms, cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres
    • Derive formulas for volume of prisms, cylinders, pyramids, cones, and spheres
  • Social Studies

    CONTENT: Topics in Modern History; Current Events

    TEXTS:
    Many readings from “Facing History and Ourselves”; teacher-assembled reader; 20th Century Overview; Understanding Race, Ethnicity, and Nationality in U.S.A.; The Holocaust & Human Behavior

    • Develop understanding of multiple perspectives
    • Recall and apply content specific information
    • Understand  chronologies
    • Identify main idea/salient points
    • Check for validity
    • Summarize and paraphrase information
    • Highlight information
    • Evaluate sources
    • Recognize bias
    • Understand cause and effect
    • Compare and contrast events, in past and in present
    • Use library and Internet to find appropriate sources
    • Organize information
    • Use technology for class projects
    • Use text to support opinions
    • Communicate ideas clearly orally and in writing
    • Read, interpret, and create maps
    • Analyze and interpret information
    • Develop  hypothesis
    • Write persuasive essay
    • Develop a thesis
    • Support and defend thesis
    • Create and deliver presentations
    • Write short research reports
    • Write bibliography with proper Modern Language Association (MLA) format
  • Visual Arts

    Choose from a variety of electives.

    POSSIBLE OPTIONS:
    • Maker Art
    • Visual Arts
    • Grade 8 Musical (production role)
  • World Language: Spanish

    TEXTBOOK:
     
    Ven Conmigo: Level II Chapters 6-12 published by Holt, Reinhart and Winston

    NOVELS:
    Pobre Ana Bailó Tango and Viva El Toro by Blaine Ray

    ADDITIONAL TEXTS:
    ComicStrips; Interviews; Menus; Other supplemental sources; Short articles; Songlyrics

    CULTURAL CONTENT:
    Geography of the Caribbean; Puerto Rico; Dominican Republic; Cuba; Vacation spots in Spanish-speaking world

    LEARNING GOALS FOR SPANISH:
    • Geography
    • Traditions
    • Increase global awareness
    • Engage in conversation
    • Strengthen pronunciation skills through tongue twisters, songs, poems, oral readings and voice recordings
    • Speak in target language
    • Understand, use, and practice in written and oral communication vocabulary words
    • Use grammatical structures accurately
    • Develop reading skills
    • Practice reading letters, ads, websites, recipes, comic strips, schedules
    • Summarize text and make inferences
    • Write short descriptive paragraphs, letters, and children’s book
    • Edit peer writing
    • Use Spanish/English dictionary accurately
    • Use 501 Spanish Verbs accurately
    ADDITIONAL TEXTS FOR SPANISH:
    La Casa en Mango Street by Sandra Cisneros

    ADDITIONAL LEARNING GOALS FOR SPANISH:
    • Deepen fluency with written expression and grammatical conventions
    • Participate in deep exploration of topics
    • Engage in advanced level of oral expression and dialogue 
Please note: The K-8 Curriculum Guide is an articulation of the core aspects of the academic program at Hamlin; it is not intended to capture every concept and skill that is taught. Moreover, the K-8 Curriculum Guide will not reflect additional topics of study, which are inspired annually by student interests, teacher creativity, and current events.

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